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J&K sex ratio declines, literacy rate 67 %: Census 2011
SRINAGAR, June 10: The census 2011 that was released here today reveals that Jammu and Kashmir has lowest sex ratio in the zero to six, age group after Haryana and Punjab.

Addressing a press conference here today, C S Sapru, Joint Chief Principal Census Officer, Jammu & Kashmir while quoting the figures of 2011 Census said that 65 percent of the total population is unemployed.

He said that only one third of the total population is employed in the Jammu & Kashmir state thus putting question mark on the employment measures being taken by the successive state government.

“Out of the total population of 1.25 crores only 43 lakhs are employed while as the rest 82 lakhs are unemployed. The dependency ration has also been increased. In the past four persons were dependent on the sole bread earner in the family and today five or six persons are dependent on the single earning hand in a family,” said Sapru.

Sapru said that the state has also witnessed a decline in the population involved with the agriculture sector. He said the percentage of cultivators has come down from 41.10 percent in 1961 to 28 percent in 2011 Census. He added that the decrease in the number of cultivators is bound to create problems on account of food production in the state.

“According to the 2011 Census, 72 percent of the total population is involved in the agriculture sector. This is startling and government should look into the reasons responsible for less number of people taking up agriculture in the state. Otherwise the day is not far off when we would have to completely import the food grains from the outside states,” said Sapru.

Sapru said that labour class in the agriculture sector in the state has also increased in the state ever since 1961. He said this was just one percent in 1961 and the same has reached 12.67 percent in 2011 Census. He said the basic reason for this is that cultivators are not enthused to carry out the cultivation of their own and they employ labour for the same.

Referring to scheduled tribe population in the state, Sapru said that there are some areas in the Leh district where the cent percent population belong to this category. He said in the Kargil district 87 percent of the total population belongs to the scheduled tribe category. He said the total population in the scheduled tribe category is 14, 93, 299 with the same being 11, 05, 979 in 2001.

Despite tall claims of government for focusing and investing in education sector ‘to provide education to all’ Though the literacy rate in the state has been improved as compared to Census of 2001 (55.50 percent) with a decadal growth of 12 percent and the literate population in the state has been pegged at more than 67.20 percent of total population of 1.25 crore.

But the final release of data collected for census 2011 states that Jammu and Kashmir was still far behind in comparison to its neighbouring states, union territory and national average, which has gained a good success for educating its population particularly from last decade. “Jammu and Kashmir has the 76.8 percent literate male population and 56.4 percent of female population, which is below national average both in males and females,” reads the report.

In Northern India, Union Territory Chandigarh has the highest literate population of 86.05 per cent with 80.89 male and 64.64 per cent female population. “Himachal Pradesh (82.8 percent), Punjab (75.84 percent) Haryana (75.55 percent) and Uttarakhand (79.63 percent),” the report said.

As per 2011 census, literate population of district wide in the state has been improved; in frontier district Kupwara the net gain of 21.3 percent from 43.24 percent in 2001 to 64.5 percent in 2011, which is followed by Ganderbal with net gain at 17.6 per cent followed by Bandipora 17.3 percent.

News Updated at : Tuesday, June 11, 2013
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