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 Importance Of Mathematics   By Dr. Shakeel Ahmed Raina  
 In the Holy Quran God swears of even and odd numbers(Surah AlFajr, verse no.2).In fact in Holy Quran God swears of only important things for inculcating faith to mankind. Pythagoras (A famous ancient mathematician) asserted that numbers rule the universe and unity is the essence of numbers. Our former Governor, Sh. S. K. Sinha has said in his address during the International Congress of Mathematics held in University of Jammu that mathematics is Queen of Sciences and Mother of all Technologies. An English mathematician George Boole developed the concept of Boolean Algebra in the year 1854. In 1938, it was observed by C.E. Shannon that Boolean algebra could be used to analyze switching (or electrical) circuits, which are used in the design of computer chips. Thus, Boolean algebra became an indispensable tool for the analysis and design of electronic computers in the succeeding decades. It is because of its immense applications mathematics in daily life, other subjects in general and science and technology in particular that our policy makers have introduced Applied Mathematics as a compulsory subject in 22 newly opened Colleges of the state during the session 200506. Some budding Universities in J&K have also started P.G Course of Applied Mathematics/ Mathematics on priority basis. It was the time when there were hardly one or two chapters of statistics (which is also a branch of mathematics) and elementary mathematics in the syllabus of few science subjects and arts subjects. But today we see a big quantity of mathematics has been included in syllabus of many other subjects under different names like Econometrics (the mathematics, used in economics), Biometry (the mathematics, used in bioscience), mathematics for Chemists (the mathematics, used in Chemistry), mathematics for physics(the mathematics, used in physics), Engineering Mathematics (the mathematics, used in engineering), Industrial Mathematics (the mathematics, used in industries), Mathematical Geography (the mathematics, used in geography), Commercial Mathematics, Computer Arithmetics, Biomathematics etc. Lot of interdisciplinary researches are going on in biomathematics in which people of sciences, medical doctors and mathematicians work jointly. One can see published papers and articles on the topics like “ Mathematical Coherence Behind Divine Verses” “Mathematics and Faith in God”, “Mathematics and Arrogance”, “ Communal harmony and Mathematics”, “Mathematics and Happiness”, Mathematics and Society” “Mathematics and Poetry” etc.
From these topics and titles mentioned in above paragraph, one can easily guess that there is hardly any activity in which mathematics is not involved .I think at present a student cannot study any subjects successfully without mathematics. In the words of J.W.A. Young, “wherever we turn in these days of iron, steam and electricity we find that mathematics has been the pioneer”.
The position of our Country in mathematics at international level is very good. Our mathematicians like Aryabatta, Bhaskara, Bramagupta and Ramanujan have left indelible imprints in the world of mathematics. Prof. L. T. Roczy while appreciating Indian’s contribution in mathematics has said. “There are many romantic notions in the heads of Europeans concerning India, but few know how essentially this country has contributed to the development of science in the western culture ever since ancient times. I just mention one fact; “Arabic numerals have reached Europe with the help of Arabic Scientists; the idea originated, however, from Indian. Even the use of ‘0’ for indicating an ‘empty’ position, did so”
Our prime Minister Dr. Monmohan Singh during the speech while declaring December22 as National Mathematics Day has said, “Mathematics seems to have acquired an independent identity as an intellectual discipline early on in human history. This identity became more sharply defined in the second half of the millennium before Christ, thanks to major developments in Greece. In this period, India too made great strides in mathematics, though in ways very different from the Greeks. In the early centuries of the Common Era, India was in fact in the lead in mathematical developments. Aryabhata in the fifth century, followed by Brahmagupta in the next are reckoned to be among the alltime great mathematicians. And we taught the world to think of zero as a number and the modern way of representing all numbers with 10 symbols. This arguably is the single most important mathematical development in all human history”.
V. Krishnamurthy writes, “Ramanujan’s birth, his super activity in Madras and Cambridge, his glories rise and his unfortunate death all seem to have happened in a flash. He came and went like a meteor. When comes such another?” Ramanujan’s genius was ranked by the English mathematician G. H. Hardy in the same class as giants like Euler, Gauss, Archimedes and Newton. Our Hon’ble Prime Minister Dr. Monmohan Singh while declaring Ramanujan birth day (December 22) as national mathematics day said, Ramanujan, was extraordinary genius so very brightly lit up the world of mathematics.
Mathematics is a marvellous language of sciences. Mathematical language cuts short the lengthy statements and puts them briefly, accurately and in exact form. For example we say that path of projectile is y2 = 4ax, orbit of earth is x2/ a2 + y2/ b2 = 1, Ist, 2nd and 3rd equations of motions are v = u+ ft, s = ut+1/2ft and v2 = u2 + 2fs. The equation given by Einstein for atomic bomb is e = mc2. y = mx + c is a line and x2 + y2 = r2 is a circle, R2 is a plane and R3 is space. These are some of the simple examples on the basis of which we say that mathematics is a language.
One can easily verify that majority of the students is frighten of mathematics and take least interest in this subject. Result of mathematics of schools particularly in remote areas almost remains below satisfactory. In my opinion mathematics is not a difficult subject because it is free from contradictions and it is simple subject because every concepts of mathematics has a single meaning not multimeanings. What are the causes of this allergic attitude of students towards mathematics? As per my experience mathematics requires more time for preparation as compared to other subjects. It is more time consuming subject and only those students can excel in mathematics who give it more and more time. But today we see that majority of the students could not afford to spare sufficient time for mathematics because of their consumption of much time in attending private tuition centres, watching of television and involving themselves in several other activities. Secondly deficiency of mathematics teachers in schools is also one of the reasons of low performance of the students in mathematics and thirdly students are not properly motivated towards study of mathematics.
Mahatma Gandhiji writes in Autobiography (page no.18) that he was not strong in geometry but when he reached to the thirteenth proposition of Euclid, the utter simplicity of the subject was suddenly revealed to him that a subject which only required a pure and simple use of reasoning powers could not be difficult. Ever since that time geometry had become both easy and interesting for him.
(Author is associate Professor and HOD Mathematics at Govt. Degree College ThannaMandi).
News Updated at : Sunday, March 17, 2013 


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